你可以 “repeat again" 嗎?不要懷疑,你用英文的時候其實不小心講了很多廢話!一探英文 redundant phrases,把你的英文語言癌通通化掉!


1. repeat again

repeat (v.) to say or utter again (something already said) 重複
again (adv.) once more; another time 再一次

Repeat 是重複之意,again 是再一次之意。所以當你講 repeat again 的時候就是在說 “可以再重複一次嗎?"
其實直接用其中一個就可以表達你要的意思了,不用用到兩個,要不然會很像 “再一次再一次"。

你可以講: “Can you repeat that, please?" 或是 “Can you say that again?"

2. ask a question

ask (v.) to put a question to; inquire 問
question (n.) a sentence in an interrogative form, addressed to someone in order to get information in reply 問題

Ask 是問的動作,既然已經問了,就一定是在問問題,所以就不用再多餘的加入 question 嚕。

你可以講: “Can I ask you something?" 或是 “I have a question."

3. final result

final (a.) happening as a result 最後的
result (n.) something that is caused by something else that happened or was done before 結果

Final 是最後的意思,而 result 則也是最後的結果。既然 result 裡已經有"最後"之意,前面就不用再加一個 final 了。

你可以講:  “The results have shown that the campaign was successful."

4. free gift

free (a.) not costing any money 免費的
gift (n.) something given voluntarily without payment in return 禮物

Free 就是免費的意思,而 gift 是禮物。通常呢,禮物是不用錢的,也就是免費的。所以就不用再次的加入 free 這個字了。

你可以講: “This was a gift from my brother." 或是 “My brother gave it to me for free."

5. return back / reply back

return back (v.) to come or go to a place again : to come back or go back again 回去
reply back (v.) to say, write, or do something as an answer or response 回覆

Return 跟 reply 都有 “re" 這個字首,而這個字首之意就是 “回" 。所以我們可以知道,有回的意思了,就不用再加一個 back 在後面。

你可以講: “I have to return the bike to my friend." 或是 “She said she will reply my e-mail in the afternoon."

6. added bonus

added (a.) to unite or join so as to increase the number, quantity, size, or importance 額外的
bonus (n.) something extra or additional given freely 額外給予的東西

Added 是在形容在某個東西之上,額外加上去別的東西。而 bonus 可以說是額外的好處,或是額外得到的東西。可以看到,兩個字裡面都有額外的意思,所以講的時候可以只說 bonus 就好了,不用在前面加上 added。

你可以講: “This is the bonus my boss gave me for my hard work this year."

7. actual fact

actual (a.) existing in act or fact; real 事實上的
fact (n.) something that actually exists; reality; truth 事實

Actual 是真實存在的東西 (事實),fact 也是事實。所以,當你說 actual fact 的時候,你是在說: 真實存在的事實。很矛盾吧 (笑)?

你可以講: “The fact is that gravity exists and we are all bound to Earth by it."

8. ATM machine

ATM (n.)  a machine that people use to get money from their bank accounts 提款機
machine (n.) a piece of equipment that does work, powered by electricity, gasoline, etc. 機器

ATM 的全名是 automatic teller machine,所以你在後面又加 machine,就會變成: automatic teller machine machine,也就是提款機機器。

你可以講: “I need to go to the ATM to withdraw some money."

9. and etc.

and (conj.) used to join words or groups of words 以及
etc. (phr.) and other things of the same kind; and so forth 等等

Etc. 在文章裡面是呈現為縮寫的樣子,但是在口語上表達時會說 “et cetera"。Et cetera 的意思就如同上面的釋義 “and so forth" 一樣,可以看到他已經包含了 and 這個字,所以當你要說 etc. 時,就不用再加一個 and 了喔。

你可以講: “He enjoys all kinds of sports including basketball, volleyball, swimming, etc.

10. past experience

past (a.) having existed in a time before the present 過去的
experience (n.) the process of doing and seeing things and of having things happen to you 經驗

Experience,經驗,既然是經驗就一定不可能是未來的,一定是過去的嘛。所以呢,這也是一個不用在加 past 來去強調經驗是過去的東西的一組詞喔。

你可以講: “From my experience, learning a new language needs time, patience, and passion."

文/ Crown Du
圖/ http://goo.gl/4jMALa

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