長得明明很像，意思卻天差地遠！是 explicit 還是 implicit？是 weary 還是 wary？是 fight 還是 flight？阿滴幫你整理了十個常見的「雙胞胎反義字」look-alike antonyms，讓你一次搞清楚這些易混淆字！
1. wild & mild
wild (a.) excited in nature or behavior 狂野的
: He felt a wild rage and acted on impulse.
mild (a.) gentle in nature or behavior 溫馴的
: They had a mild disagreement.
2. feast & fast
feast (v.) to eat large amounts of food 大吃
: The people feasted for three days in celebration of the royal wedding.
fast (v.) to eat no food for a period of time 禁食
: The king ordered everyone to fast immediately after because the food ran out.
3. weary & wary
weary (a.) lacking strength or energy 疲憊的
: The backpackers were weary after a long day of hiking.
wary (a.) being aware or cautious 警醒的
: They decided to set up camp earlier because they were wary of the weather.
4. shame & fame
shame (n.) the condition of dishonor or disgrace 羞辱
: Her misconduct on the Internet brought shame to her family.
fame (n.) the condition of being well-known 名氣
: YouTube has brought many unexpected fame.
5. fight & flight
fight (n.) confronting a violent physical struggle 對決
flight (n.) running away in order to escape from danger 逃跑
: Fight or flight is a response that helps you respond to a dangerous situation.
6. adore & abhor
adore (v.) to love or admire someone very much 愛慕
: The mother completely adores her newborn son.
abhor (v.) to hate or despise someone very much 恨惡
: However, she abhors the scars that the surgery left.
7. scrawny & brawny
scrawny (a.) very thin 瘦
: He’s a man of small stature, scrawny and uptight.
brawny (a.) very muscular 壯
: Although most girls won’t admit this, they like men brawny.
8. explicit & implicit
explicit (a.) very clear and complete 直接了當
: Please give me explicit instructions, I’m not good at taking hints.
implicit (a.) not clearly or directly stated 間接暗示
: There is a sense of urgency implicit in his tone.
9. discreet & discrete
discreet (a.) vague and subtle 不引人注意的
: Try to be discreet, don’t draw too much attention.
discrete (a.) separate and distinct 分別明顯的
: A parent must cater to the discrete needs of each child.
10. emigrate & immigrate
emigrate (v.) to leave a country or region to live elsewhere 從…移民
: I emigrated from Taiwan.
immigrate (v.) to come to a country to live there 移民到…
: I immigrated to Singapore.
英文單字無窮無盡，容易混淆的單字也是不勝枚舉。像這樣按照主題性把一對一對的單字介紹出來也有個危險是讓大家更容易混淆。為了避免這個狀況，可以自己刻意去做兩個字之間的分別。比如說，discreet 跟 discrete，一個是不明顯一個是明顯分開，那 ete 的 t 把兩個 e 分開的 “discrete” 就是「明顯分開」；或是，emigrate 跟 immigrate，一個是出去一個是進來，那 e 開頭的就代表 exit 所以 “emigrate” 就是「從…移民」。有這樣刻意做兩個字的分別，下次看到易混淆的字就不會容易被騙啦！
文/ Ray Du
餐/ Merriam-Webster Learner’s Dictionary